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国家统计局:新能源汽车产量增长超50%

作者:  来源:红星新闻  发布日期:2020-10-20 访问量:

10月19日,国新办召开新闻(wen)发布会,国家统计局新闻(wen)发言人、国民经(jing)(jing)济(ji)综(zong)合统计司司长刘(liu)爱(ai)华介绍2020年(nian)前(qian)三(san)季(ji)度国民经(jing)(jing)济(ji)运行情况。对(dui)于前(qian)三(san)季(ji)度我(wo)国经(jing)(jing)济(ji)增(zeng)速转正,刘(liu)爱(ai)华认为,总体上看,今年(nian)前(qian)三(san)季(ji)度整体经(jing)(jing)济(ji)确(que)实呈(cheng)现出(chu)了(le)持(chi)续稳(wen)定恢复的(de)态势,但是当(dang)前(qian)境(jing)外的(de)疫情形势仍然比较严(yan)峻,国际(ji)环境(jing)不(bu)(bu)稳(wen)定、不(bu)(bu)确(que)定性仍然客观存(cun)在(zai),国内(nei)有效需求仍然不(bu)(bu)足,地区、行业、企业的(de)恢复还不(bu)(bu)均(jun)衡,经(jing)(jing)济(ji)持(chi)续向好的(de)基础还需要进一步巩固。

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国家统计局新(xin)闻发言人、国民经济(ji)综(zong)合(he)统计司司长刘(liu)爱华

她指出,前三(san)季度经(jing)济(ji)增速由降转升,经(jing)济(ji)运(yun)行(xing)持续稳(wen)定恢复。主要(yao)的(de)特点可以从三(san)方面来看:

第(di)一,主要(yao)指(zhi)(zhi)标(biao)的(de)(de)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)速由负转正(zheng)(zheng)。从(cong)累计看(kan)(kan),前三(san)(san)(san)季(ji)度(du)国(guo)内生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)总(zong)值(zhi)同比(bi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.7%,上半年(nian)是(shi)下(xia)降(jiang)1.6%,可以说扭转了(le)(le)上半年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)的(de)(de)局面。其(qi)中,三(san)(san)(san)次产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)全面回升,第(di)一产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)2.3%,第(di)二产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.9%,第(di)三(san)(san)(san)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.4%,全部为正(zheng)(zheng)值(zhi)。固定资(zi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)投资(zi)同比(bi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.8%,货物(wu)进出口(kou)总(zong)额(e)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.7%,全国(guo)居民人均(jun)实际可支配收入增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.6%,这些主要(yao)指(zhi)(zhi)标(biao)的(de)(de)同比(bi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)速均(jun)实现了(le)(le)由负转正(zheng)(zheng)。从(cong)当(dang)(dang)季(ji)看(kan)(kan),三(san)(san)(san)季(ji)度(du)国(guo)内生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)总(zong)值(zhi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)4.9%,比(bi)二季(ji)度(du)加(jia)快(kuai)1.7个(ge)(ge)(ge)百分(fen)点(dian)(dian)(dian);规模以上工业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)5.8%,比(bi)二季(ji)度(du)加(jia)快(kuai)1.4个(ge)(ge)(ge)百分(fen)点(dian)(dian)(dian);服务(wu)(wu)业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)4.3%,比(bi)二季(ji)度(du)加(jia)快(kuai)2.4个(ge)(ge)(ge)百分(fen)点(dian)(dian)(dian)。还有两(liang)项指(zhi)(zhi)标(biao)由负转正(zheng)(zheng),一是(shi)社会消费(fei)(fei)品(pin)零售总(zong)额(e)当(dang)(dang)季(ji)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.9%,二季(ji)度(du)是(shi)下(xia)降(jiang)3.9%;货物(wu)进出口(kou)总(zong)额(e)当(dang)(dang)季(ji)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)7.5%,二季(ji)度(du)为下(xia)降(jiang)0.2%。从(cong)当(dang)(dang)月看(kan)(kan),9月份规模以上工业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)6.9%,连(lian)续6个(ge)(ge)(ge)月保持了(le)(le)正(zheng)(zheng)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang);服务(wu)(wu)业(ye)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)指(zhi)(zhi)数增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)5.4%,连(lian)续5个(ge)(ge)(ge)月正(zheng)(zheng)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang);社会消费(fei)(fei)品(pin)零售总(zong)额(e)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)3.3%,连(lian)续2个(ge)(ge)(ge)月正(zheng)(zheng)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang);货物(wu)进出口(kou)总(zong)额(e)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)10%,连(lian)续4个(ge)(ge)(ge)月正(zheng)(zheng)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)。从(cong)这些主要(yao)指(zhi)(zhi)标(biao)的(de)(de)变动趋势看(kan)(kan),我(wo)国(guo)的(de)(de)疫情防控和经(jing)济复(fu)苏确实是(shi)走在了(le)(le)全球前列,彰显了(le)(le)中国(guo)经(jing)济的(de)(de)强大(da)韧(ren)性和旺盛的(de)(de)活力。

第二(er),就(jiu)业(ye)民(min)(min)生(sheng)保(bao)(bao)障有力(li)。今(jin)(jin)年(nian)年(nian)初(chu),面(mian)对(dui)空前(qian)(qian)加(jia)大(da)的就(jiu)业(ye)压(ya)力(li),各(ge)(ge)地(di)区、各(ge)(ge)部门全(quan)面(mian)落(luo)实(shi)(shi)就(jiu)业(ye)优(you)先政策(ce),持续加(jia)大(da)民(min)(min)生(sheng)投入,民(min)(min)生(sheng)得到了(le)切(qie)实(shi)(shi)的保(bao)(bao)障和(he)改善。首先看就(jiu)业(ye),前(qian)(qian)三(san)(san)(san)季(ji)度(du)城(cheng)镇新增就(jiu)业(ye)898万人(ren)(ren),基本(ben)完成(cheng)全(quan)年(nian)的目(mu)标任务。调查失(shi)业(ye)率呈现(xian)了(le)稳中有落(luo)的态势(shi),9月(yue)份(fen)全(quan)国(guo)城(cheng)镇调查失(shi)业(ye)率为5.4%,从年(nian)初(chu)6.2%的高位(wei)持续回落(luo)。从居(ju)(ju)民(min)(min)收(shou)入看,前(qian)(qian)三(san)(san)(san)季(ji)度(du)全(quan)国(guo)居(ju)(ju)民(min)(min)人(ren)(ren)均(jun)可(ke)支配收(shou)入实(shi)(shi)际增长(zhang)0.6%,这个(ge)增速(su)和(he)前(qian)(qian)三(san)(san)(san)季(ji)度(du)经济(ji)增长(zhang)0.7%,基本(ben)同步。从物价看,物价涨势(shi)比(bi)(bi)(bi)较(jiao)温和(he)。前(qian)(qian)三(san)(san)(san)季(ji)度(du)居(ju)(ju)民(min)(min)消(xiao)费价格同比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)涨3.3%,其中9月(yue)份(fen)同比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)涨1.7%。今(jin)(jin)年(nian)社会兜底保(bao)(bao)障力(li)度(du)尤其比(bi)(bi)(bi)较(jiao)大(da),前(qian)(qian)三(san)(san)(san)季(ji)度(du)全(quan)国(guo)居(ju)(ju)民(min)(min)人(ren)(ren)均(jun)养老金和(he)离退休(xiu)金同比(bi)(bi)(bi)名(ming)义增长(zhang)8.7%,人(ren)(ren)均(jun)社会救济(ji)和(he)补(bu)助收(shou)入增长(zhang)12.9%,人(ren)(ren)均(jun)政策(ce)性生(sheng)活补(bu)贴收(shou)入增长(zhang)11.1%,都保(bao)(bao)持了(le)比(bi)(bi)(bi)较(jiao)快的增长(zhang),而且远(yuan)高于整体的居(ju)(ju)民(min)(min)收(shou)入增速(su)。

第三,新动能引领作用凸显。在疫情冲击下,产业转型发展的动力明显加快,以互联网经济为代表的新动能逆势成长,在助力疫情防控、保障居民生活、促进经济增长方面都发挥了非常积极的作用。前三季度,规模以上高技术制造业增加值增长5.9%,装备制造业增加值增长4.7%,增速都比上半年加快。高技术产业投资增长9.1%,加快2.8个百分点,幅度比较大。网上购物、直播带货这些新业态、新模式持续火热,在线办公、远程问诊、在线教育等新兴需求非常旺盛。前三季度实物商品网上零售额同比增长15.3%,增速比上半年加快1个百分点,占社会消费品零售总额的比重达到24.3%。5G建设、轨道交通这些新基建、新消费的带动作用也在增强,9月份城市轨道车辆产量同比增长超过50%,智能手表产量增长超过70%,新能源汽车产量增长超过50%。总体来讲,这些新经济对整体经济的带动作用是非常显著的。


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